antagonize


antagonize
antagonize
The dominant sense now is ‘to evoke hostility or opposition or enmity in’:

• Not wishing to antagonise the Colonel or his Officers, I suggested a compromise —B. Millim, 1991.

Its earlier meaning ‘to contend with, oppose’ is not recorded in the Concise Oxford Dictionary (1995), although its technical meaning ‘(of one force etc.) to counteract or tend to neutralize (another)’ is recorded. When the letter A of the OED was being written, the current meaning was new, and it gave only a single quotation of 1882. The technical meaning is still used, although it is hardly familiar:

• Our first object must be to antagonize the poison and at the same time uphold his powers —J. G. Farrell, 1973.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antagonize — An*tag o*nize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Antagonized}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Antagonozing}.] [Gr. ?. See {Antagonism}.] To contend with; to oppose actively; to counteract. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antagonize — An*tag o*nize, v. i. To act in opposition. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antagonize — I verb act in opposition to, aggress, alienate, cause dislike, cause offense, cause umbrage, compete with, conflict with, contend against, counteract, cross, destroy good will, disaffect, displease, embitter, envenom, estrange, excite hate, go… …   Law dictionary

  • antagonize — (v.) 1630s, to compete with, from Gk. antagonizesthai to struggle against, oppose, be a rival (see ANTAGONIST (Cf. antagonist)). Meaning to struggle against continuously is recorded from 1742. Related: Antagonized; antagonizing …   Etymology dictionary

  • antagonize — (Amer.) an tag·o·nize || naɪz v. cause to hate, make an enemy of; cause hostility, provoke antagonism; oppose, counteract (also antagonise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • antagonize — *resist, withstand, contest, oppose, fight, combat, conflict Analogous words: *attack, assail, assault: *offend, outrage, affront, insult: *incite, foment, instigate Antonyms: conciliate Contrasted words: *pacify …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • antagonize — [v] cause problem; oppose alienate, anger, annoy, counteract, estrange, insult, irritate, neutralize, offend, repel, struggle, work against; concepts 7,19,231 Ant. agree, aid, help …   New thesaurus

  • antagonize — (also antagonise) ► VERB ▪ make hostile …   English terms dictionary

  • antagonize — [an tag′ə nīz΄] vt. antagonized, antagonizing [Gr antagōnizesthai, to struggle against < anti , against + agōnizesthai: see AGONIZE] 1. to oppose or counteract 2. to incur the dislike of; make an enemy of …   English World dictionary

  • antagonize — UK [ænˈtæɡənaɪz] / US [ænˈtæɡəˌnaɪz] verb [transitive] Word forms antagonize : present tense I/you/we/they antagonize he/she/it antagonizes present participle antagonizing past tense antagonized past participle antagonized to make someone feel… …   English dictionary